Solana Futures OI Surpasses $200M: Are Traders Bullish?

Solana Futures OI Surpasses $200M: Are Traders Bullish?

What Is Solana (SOL)?

Solana is a highly functional open source project that leverages the permissionless feature of blockchain technology to create decentralised finance (DeFi) solutions. While the project’s concept and first development began in 2017, the Solana Foundation, based in Geneva, Switzerland, formally launched Solana in March 2020.

The Solana protocol is designed to make it easier to develop decentralised applications (DApps). It seeks to boost scalability by merging a proof-of-history (PoH) consensus with the underlying proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus of the blockchain. Solana’s innovative hybrid consensus process has grabbed the interest of both retail and institutional traders. The Solana Foundation is dedicated to increasing the availability of decentralised money.

What distinguishes Solana?

Anatoly Yakovenko‘s proof-of-history (PoH) consensus is one of the critical breakthroughs Solana brings to the table. This idea provides for higher protocol scaling, which improves usefulness. Solana is well-known in the cryptocurrency field for the blockchain’s lightning-fast processing speeds. The hybrid protocol developed by Solana considerably reduces transaction and smart contract validation times. Because of its lightning-fast processing rates, Solana has also grabbed the interest of institutions. The Solana protocol is intended for both casual and corporate users.

Solana assures customers that they will not be surprised by increasing fees and taxes. The protocol is meant to have minimal transaction costs while ensuring scalability and quick processing. Solana is ranked number 7 in the CoinMarketCap rating as of September 2021, when combined with the lengthy professional skills developers Anatoly Yakovenko and Greg Fitzgerald offer to the project. This followed a spectacular bull run in which the price of Solana increased by approximately 700% from mid-July 2021.

Following the release of the Degenerate Ape NFT collection, SOL reached an all-time high (ATH) of more than $60, and it has been steadily rising since, owing largely to increased developer activity on the Solana ecosystem, increased institutional interest, a growing DeFi ecosystem, and the rise of the Solana NFTs and gaming vertical.

Solana achieved an all-time high of $216 on September 9, 2021.

Solana has garnered a lot of attention for its speed and performance, and it has even been mentioned as a competitor to Ethereum and the dominating smart contract platform. However, the network has experienced repeated outages, undercutting its pricing and ambitions to become the “Visa of cryptocurrency.” Furthermore, its ecosystem has been accused of unfair tokenomics that favours venture capitalists. Despite the fact that we are in a bear market, institutions are interested in Solana. It has regularly generated positive flows, making it the institutions’ preferred bad market companion. SOL inflows totaled $0.4 million, as previously reported.

The next week, the figure improved much further. SOL reported a $0.7 million positive flow in mid-December. All other crypto asset-related instruments [excluding short bitcoin products], as stated below, saw negative flows. Deribit, the world’s largest options exchange, said on Monday that it will no longer provide Solana inverse products. This implies that following the impending December 30, 2022 expiry, no new Solana inverse options or futures will be listed on the market. Deribit’s Twitter thread did not elaborate on the cause for the deletion. People in the neighbourhood, on the other hand, ascribed the same to perhaps low demand.

Recovery of Futures OI Notes

Aside from inverse Solana products, the Open Interest for conventional Solana futures contracts has recently increased. The same may be said about fresh money entering the ecosystem. On December 17, the total SOL OI [futures] was $163.66 million. Following the progressive slope, the figure is now north of $217 million. In the same time period, the figure on Deribit increased from $1.89 million to $2.03 million.

New money entering the ecosystem is not necessarily a good indication because traders may be collectively channeling them towards shorting the asset. That appears to be the case for Solana this time. The financing rate was somewhat negative on all major exchanges. The same stated that short traders currently have the upper hand since they are ready to support long traders. As a result, the aggregate trader mood is somewhat pessimistic. SOL has lost 2% on a daily basis and 7.5% on a weekly basis. The market-cap asset valued $4.1 billion was trading at $11.31 at press time.

A Few Simple Rules Could Have Prevented the Demise of FTX

A Few Simple Rules Could Have Prevented the Demise of FTX

The unstable cryptocurrency market was shaken by the demise of FTX; it lost billions in value and fell below $1 trillion.

The fallout from FTX’s abrupt slide and collapse will probably affect cryptocurrencies for a very long time to come and hurt other markets as well. Sam Bankman-Fried is accused in a class-action lawsuit filed on November 16 in a federal court in Florida of developing a fraudulent cryptocurrency scheme intended to take advantage of uneducated investors from all over the nation. Steph Curry, Shaquille O’Neal, Shohei Ohtani, Naomi Osaka, Larry David, and Kevin O’Leary are among the other famous people included in the case as people who allegedly assisted Bankman-Fried in carrying out the scheme.

The FTX bankruptcy has an effect on Genesis Global Capital, the Gemini cryptocurrency exchange, and BlockFi, a platform for crypto financing with substantial exposure to FTX. Due to FTX’s bankruptcy on November 16, the lending division of cryptocurrency investment bank Genesis halted redemptions and new loans. Following the information, Genesis, a lending partner in Gemini, the cryptocurrency exchange founded by the Winklevoss twins, announced delays in withdrawals from its Earn product. BlockFi, a cryptocurrency lending company with substantial exposure to FTX, stopped allowing withdrawals and declared bankruptcy on November 28.

On November 18, the Bahamas Securities Commission assumed authority of the bitcoin holdings of the defunct exchange FTX. The U.S. House Financial Services Committee announced that it will hold a hearing on the FTX collapse in December 2022.

As part of the most recent development in the FTX affair, Reuters reported on December 6 that Bankman-Fried had retained white-collar defense lawyer Mark S. Cohen. In the sex trafficking trial that resulted in Ghislaine Maxwell’s conviction on many counts, Cohen, a former assistant US attorney for the Eastern District of New York, represented her on behalf of Cohen & Gresser. Additionally, Caroline Ellison, who oversaw the trading company Alameda Research, has retained the legal services of Washington-based Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr.

Few rules that could avoid FTX’s demise

The FTX failure has made it clear that a sizable portion of the digital asset market thrives in regulatory grey areas and jurisdictional gaps, which makes the need for new rules and regulations even more pressing. Nevertheless, a lot of experts concur that despite being mainly outside of US jurisdiction due to its offshore location, FTX might have avoided failure if only certain tried-and-true guidelines had been followed. According to Carla Reyes, an associate professor of law at the SMU Dedman School of Law, FTX is a centralized corporation like any other corporate business. It wasn’t a case of the regulations not being in place. It was an instance where they disobeyed them. Five topics have come to light as being essential for Congress and regulators to concentrate on in interviews with securities professionals and remarks from politicians and regulators.

1. Commingling of Assets

The inability to secure consumer assets lies at the heart of a series of crypto mishaps. The most severe example may be FTX, which used client cash to lend to its sister business, the hedge fund Alameda Research, to support dangerous investments.

In order to guarantee that customer assets are walled off in the event that a brokerage business collapses, the US Securities and Exchange Commission already has a consumer protection provision. The business has resisted filing with the government, arguing that tokens are not securities subject to the agency’s regulations, therefore crypto client accounts are not protected.

Gary Gensler, the hated chairman of the SEC, disagrees with crypto fans. The same was true of Jay Clayton, his predecessor during the Trump administration. Both would use a criterion from a 1946 ruling by the US Supreme Court, which said that an asset falls under the SEC’s purview when investors contribute funds to a business with the goal of benefitting from the leadership of the organization. Almost all tokens are now considered securities by the SEC.

According to James Cox, a professor specializing in business and securities law at Duke University School of Law, establishing that the majority of cryptocurrencies are securities is arguably the most significant action Congress could take.

Additionally, mixing client money is prohibited by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, which currently regulates some crypto derivatives. But rather than commodities, its regulations apply to swaps and futures. Despite the fact that the majority of experts believe that Bitcoin is a commodity and not a security, no federal regulator currently controls crypto commodities, necessitating a congressional remedy to safeguard investors.

2. Separate Business Lines

To the disadvantage of their clients, several cryptocurrency businesses have provided a wide range of products and services that obscure the distinctions. The most notable example is cryptocurrency exchanges. The platforms carry out a wide range of tasks, including market-making, trading, custody, and securities lending. The arrangement, according to critics like Gensler, is fraught with problems. Contrarily, conventional financial institutions that offer many services normally register each of their distinct business lines with the relevant regulators. That also has to be done for crypto, according to experts.

3. More Disclosure

The foundation of financial regulation in US markets is risk disclosure. In crypto, however, disclosures are practically nonexistent. There are hardly any details available on the dozens of FTX offices outside the US. The American division, FTX US, is more understood, but there are still a lot of unknowns because it was a closely held private firm.

Existing SEC regulations for investment advisors and securities issuers would lessen the opaqueness of cryptocurrency, but Congress may need to strengthen them. In order to determine if programmers may, for example, influence token pricing, SMU’s Reyes adds, “I’d like to know more about the code that produced the tokens.”

Congress has been urged by a few state securities authorities to tighten disclosure rules for businesses valued at $700 million or more. While not crypto-focused, such a measure could have given investors a peek inside the crypto giants. Another option would be to treat crypto platforms like stock exchanges, which have their own registration and reporting requirements.

4. Advertising Standards

Although unrelated to cryptocurrencies, such a policy may have allowed investors to see inside the industry’s titans. The treatment of cryptocurrency platforms similar to stock exchanges, which are subject to different registration and reporting requirements, is one alternative.

Crypto companies like FTX have prospered by luring throngs of commoners through glitzy advertisements, frequently including well-known celebrities like Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback Tom Brady and actor Matt Damon. Over 112 million people watched the Super Bowl in February when FTX and other cryptocurrency businesses broadcast advertisements.

Individuals cannot promote stocks without revealing payment information thanks to SEC regulations. The organization has utilized its power to punish celebrities for promoting cryptocurrency, including Kim Kardashian.

However, whether or not the token is regarded as security will affect these activities. The Federal Trade Commission, which regulates false or deceptive advertising, might also take enforcement action.

5. Corporate Governance

One of FTX’s most startling flaws was the complete absence of corporate governance. The person in charge of FTX at the moment, John Ray III, gave the Delaware court in charge of the firm’s bankruptcy proceedings the advice not to believe any of its financial statements. He said that most FTX organizations never conducted board meetings.

Last month, Erica Williams, the head of the US accounting watchdog, issued a warning that the US cannot inspect the audits of privately held crypto firms like FTX. Williams is essentially telling investors to exercise caution and ask more questions of crypto vendors. And they should be on high alert if they don’t receive satisfactory responses.

TGA Capstone – The Role of Crypto in a Mature Traditional Financial Portfolio

TGA Capstone – The Role of Crypto in a Mature Traditional Financial Portfolio

The Guardian Academy – TGA Capstone Project 

The Role of Crypto in a Mature Traditional Financial Portfolio 

Originlly Pubished in the Guardian Academy Knowledge Center

By Wolf Pup #1147 

Abstract 

In this capstone project, Wolf Pup 1147 presents the case that cryptocurrency’s role in a mature traditional finance portfolio is to collapse time towards your goals. 

Introduction 

Does crypto have any place in a mature traditional financial portfolio? Or is it nothing but downside, an asset made up out of thin air and destined to go to zero? 

You’ll definitely run into this point of view when people know you’re interested in “that bitcoin stuff” or any other cryptocurrency. The discussion of the inherent value of cryptocurrency is well tread ground elsewhere, so for purposes of this discussion, let’s stipulate that cryptocurrency has value (if you must, you can even caveat it with “value .. for now”). Now we can explore how you might add it into a portfolio like any other risk asset that might go to zero. 

One of the first videos I saw in early 2022 when starting my The Guardian Academy (TGA)1journey proposed the idea: “Do you even need crypto in your portfolio?” My initial reaction was “Duh, Of course! Is that a trick question? With such a huge potential upside of getting MORE, how could I not get involved? That’s why I’m here!” Looking back now, I see that reaction as a huge red flag. 

In this article, I’ll explore how crypto fits as “just another financial vehicle” in my portfolio. Let’s go slowly and establish some shared traditional finance vocabulary. I’ll do this via the “lemonade stand economics”2 approach – rather than describe the complicated end result, I’ll build up to it via a story, then we’ll get back to crypto towards the end. 

1 The Guardian Academy – https://guardianacademy.io/

2 Lemonade Stand Economics, Geof White- https://a.co/d/dVxlmgn 

Building a Traditional Portfolio 

Education / Career 

Through hard work and privilege, I’ve been a part of the internet industry starting in 1992 with web1, progressing to web2 in present day. And here we are at the transition to web3. Over those 30+ years I’ve had the opportunity to educate myself on how money works, accumulate some, and plan for my “retirement” in various guises, starting from where I imagine most people start. 

The Goal: v1 – Retire 

TGA Capstone

“Make a lot of money, then retire” 

I think that’s where I started. The only way I was expected to do that was via the “go to school, get a good job” approach. Aka: Dollars for Hours. So I did it, without giving a lot of thought to the “.. then retire” part or what I wanted along the way. So I emerged from the education system in the mid 90s with a few degrees, and leveraged my early knowledge of HTML into a career. 

What was lacking here, stated in terms of The Guardian Academy teachings, was an end goal: a Dream Life calculation and a set of Solvable Problems to achieve it. (more on this later) 

The Goal: v2 – Cashing Out 

The mid 90s was the dotCom era. It wasn’t uncommon for folks to work at a startup, get very meager salaries and thousands of shares of (valued in pennies, essentially worthless) stock, worse yet, with no liquidity unless there was an IPO or buy out. The crypto equivalent would be joining a project and in lieu of a salary, you agree to $100,000 USD of the project’s $0.10 token, making you a 1M token holder. If the project takes off and rises to $1, you’re sitting on a million USD. During the dotCom bubble, it seemed like any company3 could IPO and their stock skyrocket to $20, $50, $100 or even more ($700) .. suddenly making a large net worth for lots of unprepared people4

Suddenly, those “what would you do if you won the lottery conversations” got shockingly real. It felt like very few of my peers had any idea how to manage money. At most of my jobs during the late 90s dotCom bubble, my coworkers and I sat around at lunch talking about “enough”. The dream was that if your latest startup took off (and IPO’d), you’d get “enough” money from selling your stocks, and put it to work getting a safe interest rate on the balance. You then withdraw only the interest (never touch the seed money) and replace your current salary. 

What a cool idea, it seemed way more objective than “make a lot of money, then retire” as a goal. 

3 DotCom Bubble companies – pets.com https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pets.com

4 DotCom millionaires – 

https://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/12/technology/12google.html

https://www.wired.com/2014/01/twitters-paper-millionaires-may-want-to-get-out/

https://www.foxbusiness.com/features/facebooks-overnight-millionaires-begin-lavish-spending-spree

For example, pick a nice round number like $3 Million as “enough”. Wait till your stock appreciates to that value, sell it, and park the money somewhere earning 4% – generating $120,000 in interest to live off .. forever. You’ve bought a money printing machine! You win! 

What could possibly go wrong? 

Of course, the downside risk rose up to smack most of us in the face (dotCom bubble burst, lack of diversification, etc) and that $3M “enough” seed money plummeted out of reach. 

The Goal: v3 – Traditional Finance 

Self Directed 

Ok, some of us (ahem) blew ourselves up by HODL’ing vastly over-rated or over-inflated stocks. What if I diversified? Could I get multiple, smaller “money printing” machines running? What if I thought of my traditional finance options as money printers? 

I’d always heard the maxim of “pay yourself first”, which I’d now refer to as a “bumper”5 – in a moment of sobriety and clarity you set up a funnel to remove some money “off the top” and put it towards your goal – in this case funding my retirement accounts – so you’re not tempted to spend it. Typically, I would do it via payroll deductions directly to an IRA, ROTH and/or a 401k. The remainder would direct deposit to my checking. If I found I still consistently had a bit of extra spendable money, I’d divert it to an out of the way savings account to be swept into a retirement vehicle later.

My goal here was to fund various retirement vehicles and let time (and compounding) and the randomness (markets) work for me. I ignored the “why” or even a specific goal, other than the generic “it’s good to save for retirement”. 

Typically for my peers these methods looked like an IRA, a 401k, an HSA and, if you had a family – a college fund and some basic term life insurance. The problem was that most of these money printing machines were time-locked and you couldn’t withdraw from them until you were “old” (or dead). 

5 Bumpers, Nic Peterson – https://a.co/d/d39Yuyl

Financial Advisors 

In a blind quest for MORE, I sought to expand – I tried financial advisors, both fee based and assets under management. It’s rare (or impossible) to find one who actually cares about your finances more than you do. However, I did learn alot about rebalancing, tax loss harvesting, tax advantaged or retirement options, etc. Over the course of time I even began to understand some of the more “fancy” options and ways to bypass some of the locks. 

Looking back, I remember in my late 20s, I asked one of my financial advisors “What would it take to retire at 35?” and he laughed it off as a joke … I let him steal my dream. In hindsight, what I wanted was a discussion of “enough”, a “solvable problem” and how to rearrange my finances to make it possible to get what I wanted. I wanted to Rig the Game in my favor. 

Stock Investing 

Eventually I left the financial advisor and struck out on my own in search of MORE. I knew that short term trading didn’t feel like my thing, but finding a few long term stocks to buy .. that sounded interesting. I didn’t feel qualified to do my own research from scratch, so I used Motley Fool to help me vet long-term stock picks. 

This gained me experience holding an investment long term, experiencing ups and downs. After a few years, paying attention and making moves got tedious and my frequency of exposure to market events was causing stress. I wanted to simplify. 

Eventually the quest to “simplify” my portfolio led me to online “bogleHeads”6, where I learned about “buying the market” and shifted to S&P 500 matching ETFs or other whole market funds like VTSAX, FZROX, etc. And sometimes you could put these in your IRA or ROTH or 401k. Woot! 

6 BogleHeads – https://www.bogleheads.org/wiki/Bogleheads%C2%AE_investment_philosophy

The Goal: v4 – Other Revenue Streams 

After getting swept up in a dotCom layoff, I abruptly realized I had been entirely relying on my W2 income to grow these positions. I was precariously undiversified as far as my income stream was concerned. 

Hours for Dollars 

The simplest revenue stream everyone is familiar with is “time for money” – I work at my W-2 job from 9-5 (or more) and get paid. Maybe I add a side hustle to get a new stream running. However, with 24 hours in a day, there’s an obvious cap – you can only exchange 24 hours for dollars. Your only other variable is your hourly rate, which sends you on the endless quest for the best salary. 

This brought me to the concept of revenue streams, direct and passive. 

Royalties 

At the time, I dismissed the “royalties” review stream, thinking it was only available to successful content producers like authors, artists, musicians or celebrities. You produce something once, and enjoy a “perpetual”(ish) revenue stream from it. 

Today this type of revenue stream and education about how to establish them is an entire industry into itself accessible via the internet. 

Real Estate 

The income streams from real estate typically show up as asset appreciation which unlocks the ability to borrow against the asset (HELOC). Or perhaps rental income, or fix-and-flip properties. 

Despite being a well trod path to wealth building, I dismissed this revenue stream. When I started, I believed I didn’t have the “lump sum” to get into real estate. Furthermore, I thought it was a catch-22 .. you need $money to buy the asset to produce $money to buy more assets. 

Today I feel there’s many more resources describing how to bootstrap yourself into this revenue stream.

Franchising / Multi-Level Marketing 

Well, since I only have 24 hours in a day, what about if I looked into leveraging other people’s time and took a small percentage? That led to exploring franchising opportunities (expensive up front) or multi-level marketing (collecting a portion of your team’s sales). 

I explored an MML for about a year. It turned out to be a lot of sales, and I could never shake the feeling of being slightly scammy. I now see that aside from any inherent dishonesty that might have been present, I was unlikely to succeed here, as I was focused on what I could get out of it, not what value I could provide. 

In the end, I learned about the importance of sales, developing a strong mental mindset and investing in yourself as your greatest asset. 

1,000 True Fans 

Along comes 1,000 True Fans, which seems like a more honest approach towards “getting a small amount from a lot of people”. The idea is to develop an audience of 1,000 true fans7 who are willing to engage with you and, ideally, subscribe for a monthly fee or purchase from you on a regular basis, somewhere in the range of $100/year. Find a sweet spot where there’s a relatively small, but underserved population, then service it in some fashion. 

And people are definitely doing it .. 

This screenshot from a Telegram channe shows a person8 charging ~$100/mo [as of Nov 2022] for access to their group via patreon. The math is awesome. Is that really a revenue stream of $686,900 per month?!? 

Wow! How do I get this working for me? I wracked my brain here for a while but nothing came to me. I finally realized I was thinking about it incorrectly. I was focused on me, or, less flatteringly, motivated by greed. I was thinking “How can I get 1,000 people to pay me $10 or $100?” That’s what it comes down to, right? In a sense, sure. But the energy and ideas comes easier if you rephrase it as “How can I solve a problem / entertain / educate someone where they’d be happy to send me $10 or $100”. Joe Polish covers this topic extensively in his book, “What’s In It For Them?”9 

Once I identify “my game” and where I can add value, I believe this will be a great area to revisit. 

7 1000 True Fans – https://kk.org/thetechnium/1000-true-fans/

8Into the CryptoVerse – https://www.patreon.com/intothecryptoverse 

9 What’s in it for Them, Joe Polish – https://www.whatsinitforthem.com/ 

Expenses 

So far, we’ve only examined the “income/growth” side. We’ve got a wide selection of financial vehicles in place, an awareness of many more and ideas for future income streams. What about the expense side? It’s definitely worthwhile to recapture resources by reducing expenses. 

I won’t spend a lot of time here, but I’ll touch on a few key pieces that came into play for crypto. 

Debt 

Some folks believe you shouldn’t be investing in anything if you have high-interest debt like credit card balances, or some types of loan debt. The idea being that any investment you’re making is unlikely to positively impact your net worth if your debt obligations are draining value out faster than it can come in. 

Debt can stem from systemic causes (medical debt, educational debt, etc) or behavior issues (restraint, short term focus, etc). In either case, debt can be surprisingly hard to get a handle on, as most ways of addressing it require behavioral shifts. As we know from other TGA teaching (The Adaptive Dilemma, etc) successfully changing behavior is a lot of work. 

Leverage 

It’s tempting to believe that with crypto’s high returns, you can overwhelm the outflows and maybe even pay off the original debt. If you’ve got an asset (real estate, stocks, college fund, pension, lottery winnings, goods, crypto or even a good reputation) someone will loan you money now against it for some risk-adjusted return.. 

Many credit cards10 offer 0% intro rates that let you take a $10,000 cash advance, charge a 3% fee, and you don’t have to pay it back for 21 months!! Throw that 10k into a moonshot! Attractive, right? But you’ve now got a timeline, an (interest free) recurring monthly payment, an up front cost, and need to track towards a final payment. You’ve removed the very elements we rely on for success – time (you need ~$10k in 21 months) and now randomness can (and does) cut both ways. 

Maybe you can manage it, maybe you can’t. Maybe it’s simply more stress than you want in your life. I found myself anxiously checking my balance and worrying about missing minimum payments and incurring more costs. Too much stress for me. Working with leverage is quite high risk, as even the most well versed professional investment firms have found out – Three Arrows Capital, Alameda Research, etc. 

10 Zero Percent Interest credit cards – https://www.fool.com/the-ascent/credit-cards/landing/zero-intro-apr-cards/

Budgeting & Forecasting 

Some people love budgeting, some people hate it. 

From my perspective, budgeting can help people in two ways: “where is my money going”, and “making progress towards a goal”. I already had enough discipline and uncomplicated needs that budgeting didn’t solve a real problem for me. I got some value from a visibility perspective: I spent $x on food, $y on vehicles, etc. Over time, things stabilize, typically falling into a rough 50/30/20 pattern – 50% for Needs, 30% for Wants and 20% for Savings. The 20% is the money you’re trying to make work for you. 

Two unexpected takeaways 

1. Occasionally it’s useful to do a “subscription audit” to see how much 

money is being drained out by subscriptions you may not be getting 

value out of anymore. I have a spreadsheet for this now. 

2. Budgeting leads directly to forecasting, which is essentially dreaming married to planning. I enjoy forecasting. TGA has a nice activity called the Dream Life Calculator – you spec out all the things and services included in your perfect life and then apply costs to them. This yields a dollar amount, which you can then begin aiming (forecasting) towards. 

FIRE 

FIRE11 stands for Financial Independence, Retire Early; Some sites drop the “RE” and rebranded as “FI” to avoid a stigma about “retirement” (“isn’t that for old people?”) and have now shifted to “freedom” messaging. 

The FI movement was what I was looking for back when I asked my financial advisor how I could retire at 35. In a nutshell, pick your “enough” number, and live off the interest. Sounds alot like my dotCom lunch discussions, right? The FI community contains endless discussion about how to choose your FI number. Followed by ways to game and arrange your expenses to get closer to enough, usually entailing some short term frugality to unlock long term freedom. Eg: Shifting some “needs” to “wants”, and discarding some “wants” in lieu of “savings”. 

The frugality approach doesn’t work for everyone (me). Rather than endure a miserly existence, I believed I had the option to increase my revenue. People of like mind call that the “Fat FI” approach. They discarded frugality and carefully chose personally meaningful expenses. 

Eg: The same exercise as before, but you end up keeping more expenses in the “want” section. Your goal is to increase income while not inflating expenses. Eg: The next time you get a raise, make no lifestyle changes, all of the raise goes towards savings. 

I found my FI journey was mostly a tuning exercise consisting of double/triple loop learning. I encountered the same concepts using different languages and lenses. The splashier crypto community (wen lambo) could learn a bit of restraint from the FI community, and the FI folks could carefully add crypto as a tool on their journey to Financial Independence. 

11 https://www.choosefi.com/

Risk Management 

What about systematic ways to evaluate and manage risk? 

After all, failing to properly execute on a huge opportunity because I was unprepared to evaluate and manage risk is what set me on this path in the first place. There is endless discussion in traditional finance about risk management. 

To keep it short, I’ll just mention a few things. 

The Goal: v5 – Risk Adjusted 

Risk Tolerance Profile / Know Yourself 

Most financial advisors start out by having you fill out a 

“risk tolerance profile”12, where you self identify your risk tolerance. Frankly, these always seemed rather shallow, as they require a high level of self awareness and introspection. Perhaps they give some guidance for cookie-cutter portfolio advice. (no risk tolerance: “you should be in bonds”). I always felt they existed to serve the financial advisor – so the firm you work with can do some CYA later .. after you’ve lost a lot and say “too bad, you indicated you had a high risk tolerance”. 

Ideally, the Risk Tolerance Profile would be an important opportunity to do some introspection. Fortunately, the journey in The Guardian Academy covers this in depth – being aware of your comfort level with risk and your evaluating your behaviors. For those brave enough to do some self evaluation, 2022 has offered everyone a great laboratory in which to evaluate your own Risk Tolerance in a very real way. It’s one thing to read about, it’s another thing to face your own greed on the way up or fear on the way down. 

12 Risk Tolerance / Profiling – https://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/risk-profile.asp

The Bucket Plan 

Once you feel you have a handle on your risk profile, how do you take action on that? Some financial advisors recommend The Bucket Plan13 strategy to help navigate risk. The three buckets are “Now”, “Soon” and “Later”. Each bucket has different levels of risk and liquidity. 

“Now” is “safe and liquid” – money to be used within 6-24 months. The Soon bucket is “conservative and income” with a time horizon of 2-10 years. Finally, the Later bucket is for long term growth and legacy planning, typically a 10+ year timeline. During actual implementation, these buckets are relatively fluid, but it does create an accessible way to talk about and organize your exposure to risk. 

Examples (depends on your time horizon) 

● NOW: checking, emergency fund, savings, short term CDs/Bonds 

● SOON: conservative Stocks/Equities, medium term bonds, 

● LATER: aggressive Stocks/Equities, Retirement accounts, Social Security, Life Insurance 

One More Year 

As people approach their FI number or retirement date, there’s 

often a temptation to hang around for “one more year”14. The 

general consensus on this phenomenon is that it stems from: 

● Lack of clarity on the “other side” of your current lifestyle 

● Uncertainty on being able to fund future expenses 

● Unwilling to step away from a (typically) lucrative income 

stream 

How can we address or avoid this? 

“If you’re playing your game, you’re never not working” – (or, “.. you’re never working” ) 

Afterwards – The uncertainty around what to do “after” you retire stems from the impression that retirement means sitting around the house doing nothing. However, if you think of it as a transition to having the freedom to work on the things that you love, things that interest you or personal growth, this becomes less of a concern. You’re living either a “work optional” lifestyle, or you’re working on passion projects. 

13 The Bucket Plan – https://c2penterprises.com/bucket-plan/

14 One More Year – 

https://www.caniretireyet.com/work-one-more-year/

https://www.choosefi.com/how-many-days-a-month-do-you-experience-stress-related-to-work-ep-320/ https://www.gocurrycracker.com/cost-of-working-one-more-year/ 

https://www.fiology.com/one-more-year-syndrome-omy/

The other two issues are two sides of the same coin: uncertainty about being able to fund future expenses and being loath to walk away from a lucrative income stream. Both can be addressed via a “Rigging the Game” principle of defining a Solvable Problem. 

Walking Away – On the bright side of the coin (walking away from income), once you define what you want out of your life, you can find out how much that will cost you. You’ve now got a goal to feed into a Solvable Problem and simply need a timeline. Once you have “enough” to fully fund the problem, you can walk away without worrying about banking “one more year”. 

Expenses FUD – On the dark side of the coin (not being able to fund future expenses), we can leverage an old stoic technique I ran across via Tim Ferris, which he brands as “Fear Setting”. Simply put: dream up every possible nightmare scenario and then problem solve for a) lessening the probability of it happening and b) recovering or alleviating the impact should it happen. In the “one more year” scenario, this typically looks like 

examining your exposure to catastrophic medical bills, disability, or even macro conditions like climate change or a recession. 

When you’ve gone through those exercises, you’d typically have a new list of goals to achieve to help you feel comfortable with your position and have some certainty that you can step out of the “one more year” trap. 

System Complexity & Diversity 

Wow, building a system like this sounds complicated. Didn’t we learn that the more complicated a system is, the more likely it is to fail? 

“A complicated system is more likely to fail, as the overall success is a function of the success percentage of each individual component. “

However, the statement assumes a serial system. Wherein a critical path to success exists, where each component must succeed to reach the end state. Most well built portfolios, although made up of a lot of individual parts, are not serial systems – they’re distributed and diversified systems. The failure of one component (a bad real estate investment), should not catastrophically impact the overall success of the portfolio. 

PS: Note that even a well diversified portfolio can be subject to macro or systemic issues (plague, recession) 

Do I even need Crypto in my portfolio? 

Finally, back to that first question I tripped over watching some of my first TGA videos: “Do you even need crypto in your portfolio?” 

I must admit, this question caused a bit of a short circuit / open loop in my brain for months. Why not add upside? In fact, why not reallocate from my other buckets into this one? The risk was worth it, right? I could be there overnight! It was a reminder to slow down. To think about what I’d built, what I was after and what was at risk. 

I appreciate that question a lot – it prompted me to think deeply about the downside risk. This was a mirror held up letting me see my own risky behavior, chasing “more” rather than “moving closer”. Aggressively utilizing cryptocurrencies exposes myself and my family to more risk than I need to get closer. 

The obvious followup to “Moving Closer” is “Closer to What?” My second huge prompt to reexamine the concept of “retirement”, which is not a solvable problem w/o alot more details. I spent tons of time thinking about the tactics of managing money to get MORE, but close to zero thinking about the WHY. In the Dan Nicholson book15“Rigging the Game“, winning is defined as “getting what you want in life”, which necessitates defining what you want. And furthermore, determining how much that costs. Ah, here it is again, my old friend the dotCom lunch question “how much is enough?” But now I feel like I am armed with the tools to actually answer that question. And unafraid to take an initial guess, as I know I’ll be refining the answer as time goes on. 

So yes, I want crypto in my portfolio. My Risk profile indicates that I can tolerate the risks. But “going all in” is more than I needed to hit my Solvable Problems in a timeframe that’s acceptable to me. 

15 Rigging the Game, Dan Nicholson – https://riggingthegame.com/

The Goal: v6 – Compressing Time 

Three Cs 

TGA teaches “3C’s” – Clarity, Certainty and Compressing time. 

Explainer: Using a Maps.app immediately gives you GPS clarity (“you are here”), providing a destination gives you “goal clarity” (“I want to be there”). The Maps.app then provides the blue-line certainty (“follow these directions”’). Sometimes you are offered choices to compress time (“take the freeway”, or “take side streets to avoid a traffic jam”). Clarity – Armed with typical portfolio management tools, services and professionals, and looking at all the various financial assets I’d added to my portfolio over the years, I have pretty good financial clarity. I had a rudimentary goal (retire), but my exposure to concepts like the Solvable Problem and the Dream Life calculator has really helped me put some SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-bound) goals on my “winning life” list. 

Certainty – Traditional financial offers many vehicles, levers and approaches to ensure you’ll be financially successful in retirement. These approaches contain a macro belief “markets always go up over time”16, (Many discussions about this, but that’s another paper), leverage a long timeframe (typically you’re encouraged to start with years ahead of your retirement date) and you expose yourself to randomness via as much diversification as your risk profile can tolerate. As you approach retirement age, you avail yourself of all sorts of techniques to adjust the certainty of your retirement income and lower risk. The certainty is built upon decades of societal experience using well understood tools. The paths and routes are frequently traveled, and you’ll generally “succeed”. 

Now I’ve got Clarity and some degree of Certainty within the timeframes of my current financial instruments. What next? 

Compressing Time : To YOLO or not to YOLO 

Here’s where I think crypto comes into play. In the new version of the Goal, crypto’s job is to compress time. Or stated another way – accelerate progress towards my (financial) goals. 

So how does that work? There’s certainly some temptation to YOLO various liquid funds (529, HSA, emergency funds) or extend leverage (HELOC loans, credit card debt, etc) into crypto with the expectation that it’s gonna be 10x by some timeframe close to “now”. Perhaps you’ve heard of people who have risked (and lost) funds they couldn’t not afford to lose as they chased more. 

Not me, right? But no, even after spending the last 30+ years building my current portfolio, I was surprised to find how vulnerable I was to doing exactly those types of risky behavior. Thanks to some exposure to behavior education in TGA, I had set enough bumpers in place to slow myself down. Enough to realize there’s no need for 16 Stocks Go Up Over Time – https://www.marketplace.org/2021/10/21/will-stock-market-indexes-go-up-forever/ me to blow up a system I’ve spent decades building. For what? Getting it all now or some other version of overnight wealth? Not worth the risk. 

But still.. From the financial perspective, crypto is just another tool. So how do I (safely) add a potential 10x or 100x (or 0x) investment into my existing portfolio? Answer: using Risk Management. 

If we use the “Bucket Plan” risk model, if I was into moonshots or swing trading (I’m not), I’d pull assets from my short term “now” bucket. If they paid out, I’d use the results to fund any of the solvable problems that were underfunded. In effect collapsing time to solve the problem. Agreeing to only pull new funds or funds from the “now” area discourages me from eyeing my daughter’s college fund (hidden in the LATER bucket). 

For crypto projects that I believe in, the Bucket Plan suggests those investments get placed in the SOON or LATER bucket where they have time to grow and benefit from a macro belief that they’ll go up/down in the short term, but trend upwards over time… w/o needing to be cashed out in a downturn. Personally, I’m looking to use a combination of the SOON time frame (2-10 years) for Compressing time and the LATER bucket to leave crypto as an inheritance. For me, funding is mostly new money, as rebalancing (converting) existing financial vehicles to crypto exposes me to too much risk for where I am in my journey. 

Macro Belief in USD and Crypto 

Alright, I’ve decided I want to add crypto, and how I’m going to add it to my portfolio. How do I deal with FIAT valuation and crypto? 

That brings me to a macro belief17. The only way I can hold my traditional portfolio model in my head w/o cognitive dissonance is to recognize that I’m still USD based. I believe crypto-as-currency is still a long way from mass adoption ( I acknowledge that perhaps “slower than everyone wants, but faster than anyone thinks is possible” is apropos here ). I also realized that after 30+ years, I’m heavily invested (time and money-wise) in traditional finance. Essentially I’m working with a macro belief in USD in the short and medium term, but leaving myself long term optionality for a macro belief that crypto will play a role. 

17“What is a Macro Belief” – https://guardianacademy.io/what-is-a-macro-belief/

Taking Profits / Investor Frame 

If my macro belief is presently USD, that means crypto is an asset that I need to convert back to FIAT. 

By definition, for long term crypto assets, there’s no immediate need to convert back to FIAT. There’s just DCA (Dollar Cost Average18) in. I’m comfortable HODL’ing those positions with an open loop as to how they’d contribute to my financial future. What about the short and medium term crypto? Well, the opposite of DCA’ing in, is DCA’ing out. 

But how? Time for a plan with tons of bumpers. 

In a moment of calm sobriety (eg: ahead of time) you establish a system for taking profits.. and stick to it. As a crypto investor (rather than a trader), you want to buy (some) when the risk/valuation is low, and sell (some) when the risk/valuation is high. 

As a human, I know I’m susceptible to greed (“its 5x, what if it goes to 10x?”) and loss aversion (“it’s down 50%, what if it drops another 50%?”). Having a Solvable Problem helps me feel good about taking profits at checkpoints on the way up, and having appropriate timeframes helps me feel better DCA’ing in during bear markets. The Investor Frame19 helps me evaluate if or when to walk away. Furthermore, grouping my crypto assets via the Bucket Plan categorizations guides my timeframes (NOW vs SOON/LATER), which guides my actions (when to apply my DCA-out rules, and how much). 

Time passes (it always has) and new information becomes available on risks or opportunities. Make sure you set up bumpers for when (and how) you’re allowed to adjust the system and ideally, some accountability for doing so. 

Conclusion 

I believe crypto currencies provide a tool that allows me to allocate a risk-adjusted portion of my portfolio towards accelerating my growth towards a well defined set of goals. I hope this has helped think or talk with others about how crypto currency can be a new and exciting addition to a mature traditional finance portfolio. 

18 Even God Can’t Beat Dollar Cost Averaging – https://ofdollarsanddata.com/even-god-couldnt-beat-dollar-cost-averaging/

19 Investor Frame – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zv266h8gJOc 

Would CBDCs eventually lead to the demise of Crypto?

Would CBDCs eventually lead to the demise of Crypto?

Central Bank Digital Currencies, or CBDCs, have likely become a more popular topic of conversation if you follow the cryptocurrency, DeFi, or overall landscape of blockchain-related activities in the past year.

Recently, countries all around the world have been vigorously testing the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) waters. Though, only 35 nations were exploring a CBDC as of May 2020. However, 105 nations—representing more than 95% of the global GDP—were investigating a digital currency that was supported by the central banks by the middle of 2022. 19 of the G20 nations have a CBDC under analysis.

Attached below is a visual representation of the situation as of November 30, 2022. Especially, most nations are presently involved in exploring research, proof-of-concept testing, or pilot testing.

A Threat to Cryptos: CBDCs

according to a Central Bank of Bahamas research document from Q3 2022, between a CBDC and financial inclusion, CBDCs are very important for financial inclusion as there is a positive link.

However, people all across the world have been weakening their reliance on currency as the digital tendency has been developing quickly, and having electronic copies of other currencies would certainly come in helpful in this situation. Additionally, a fostering adoption will greatly benefit from the low volatility factor.

Howsoever, there are uncertainties that cryptocurrency’s method of payment may be in danger in the future. Anastasia Kor, the CMO and board member of the cryptocurrency company Choise.com, explained the situation in a textual commentary to Watcher Guru, stating, The emergence of CBDCs could spell the end of cryptocurrencies for authoritarian governments like China, but experts generally envision a future were crypto and CBDCs can coexist.

In her opinion, “many operators” will favor the decentralized nature of privately produced digital currencies over the centralized nature of centrally backed e-currency since it brings with it “confidence and liberty.”

A well-known Indian blockchain expert, Pushpendra Singh, also emphasized the centralized and decentralized components and while speaking with Watcher Guru, he claimed that he did not see CBDCs as any danger to the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Are all the birds congregating in one place?

Ultimately, the Bahamas are regarded as being at the lead of the CBDC development globally following the debut of Sand Dollar, its CBDC, in October 2020 and It was the first realm in the area to familiarize a digital currency backed by a central bank.

Jamaica launched the JAM-DEX, making it the most recent nation to do so, this summer. Parallelly, the Central Bank Digital Currency was legalized by the Bank of Jamaica (BoJ), composing it equivalent to cash.

Somewhat, China is also ahead of the competition with the beginning of its first CBDC trial series in April 2020. According to reports, 261 million people have created digital wallets for the e-CNY as of January 2022, and more than $13 billion worth of transactions had been made with the digital currency available to overseas athletes competing in the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. 

Rapid progress has also been made in testing real-world use cases and using CBDCs for settlements. Recently, France and its neighbor Luxembourg took part in a test of tokenized financial markets. To pay a bond for 100 million Euros [$104 million], the two countries developed an experimental CBDC. A well-designed CBDC might play a “vital role” in the establishment of a secure tokenized financial asset sector in Europe, according to the general director of the French central bank.

For its part, the Bank of Japan intends to begin testing the Digital Yen CBDC in the first quarter of 2023. Therefore, the central bank’s strategy is to test the digital pilot for two years before deciding whether to continue with the issuance in 2026.

For its CBDC Project, Singapore has concurrently worked with the central banks of France and Switzerland. According to recent reports, the MAS has started its journey to investigate the potential of CBDC for international trade. The nation’s central bank later designated the aforementioned project as Ubin+.

Current Situation in India

One of the most recent nations to jump on the testing and trialing bandwagon in India. The aforesaid Asian nation recently began testing its retail digital rupee (ex-R) on December 1. 

More than a few other notable nations are well ahead of us in the CBDC competition and Kor gave Watcher Guru his view on whether India was in a disadvantageous position.

As the development team has learned from other central banks from across the world that has carried out their experiments, the Reserve Bank of India’s CBDC study is timely.

In reality, Singh agreed with him and believed that India could strategically benefit from both the advantages and disadvantages of the models and designs of other countries.

However, Singh also emphasized how extremely popular the Unified Payments Interface, or UPI, was in India and believed that CBDCs will eventually surpass the mentioned payment method, Singh continued, though, by stating that adoption would take time. In a similar vein, Kon continued, that the Reserve Bank of India has always been thoughtful, and without a doubt, the future will vindicate the reasons why the trials were delayed up to this point as would be seen in how the Digital Rupee uplifts the local economy.

Ultimately, some retailers have already begun letting customers pay for their goods and services using the CBDC and in fact, in a recent interview with the Economic Times, the proprietor of the store chosen for testing the CBDC expressed his view that because the Reserve Bank of India was involved, the money would remain secure in the digital wallet.

Bottom Line

The ongoing research and pilot testing phases being carried out by several nations worldwide will probably be followed by future back-to-back launches, keeping in mind the success done thus far. The torch-bearers can serve as an inspiration to the nations now in the pre-launch phase. But whether or not that all the many monetary types would be able to coexist successfully depends on the time.

IMPT Exchange Listings Confirmed For December 14 – 1 Week Left to Buy This $13.5 Million Green Crypto

IMPT Exchange Listings Confirmed For December 14 – 1 Week Left to Buy This $13.5 Million Green Crypto

Introduction

Successful presales are frequently a sign of good things for the cryptocurrency industry. The latest significant green cryptocurrency, IMPT exchange, making news after raising millions of dollars in two rounds of the presale, is the finest illustration of this in 2022.

The presale was so successful that the token’s development team has decided to list the token early on exchange platforms, which analysts believe will quickly cause the price to increase exponentially.

Opportunistic investors leaped at the chance to buy the currency during its inaugural presale round. The price of IMPT has increased due to the buzz around the news of exchange listings. Many more individuals are showing interest in the concept and purchasing the price at what appears to be ATL as they become aware that IMPT will be live on exchange platforms in less than a week and that the price is poised to pump.

The token’s present price is still low, but many investors who delayed their purchases lost the chance to purchase it even more cheaply, and the price will only rise. Given that the presale ends in less than a week, and that’s when the price will start to rise, now is the ideal time to get IMPT exchange tokens.

What Is IMPT Exchange?

Unlike projects like Bitcoin, having a negative impact on the environment due to high energy usage, IMPT exchange is a cutting-edge cryptocurrency ecosystem that aspires to be ecologically friendly and support environmental sustainability.

You may connect to thousands of well-known companies through this network, offering them the choice to reduce their carbon footprint while also earning cryptocurrency-based compensation in IMPT coins. These companies include Amazon and Microsoft. These tokens, which double as NFTs, can easily be traded on the blockchain since smart contracts can execute themselves without requiring a central authority to get involved.

More than 10,000 ESG-friendly brands are presently offered through the IMPT shopping platform thanks to the IMPT affiliate network. In return, you can get IMPT tokens.

Carbon Offsets & IMPT

Globally, nations have established some very high standards for limiting climate change. For 2030 and 2050, significant emission reduction goals have been established. However, buying carbon offset certificates is the only way to accomplish those goals.

Businesses and people who cannot considerably decrease their carbon footprint will be able to balance their emissions by purchasing credits that will promote environmentally friendly activities.

The major problem, though, is that the market for carbon offsets is incredibly inefficient. IMPT, however, aims to change that. The new carbon offset effort IMPT is supported by the blockchain. Due to the initiative’s decentralized structure, which prevents duplicate counting and fraud, it is incredibly transparent.

The IMPT exchange platform enables the purchase and sale of carbon offsets by individuals, businesses, organizations, and even governments. Even better, they may retire them while also picking up a unique collector NFT. Because these NFTs will be tradable and produced by well-known artists, the IMPT project will be more beneficial as an investment vehicle.

Those who decide to maintain their IMPT assets can also benefit from the asset’s rising value. They can swap or sell them to profit from the projected value rise.

Best Features of IMPT

1. Green Project              

Because of its potential for long-term survival as a consequence of its value as a green project, IMPT is one of the top cryptocurrency options for you. Investors and affiliates can be part of a project that will transform the world by contributing their allocation to the campaign to halt carbon emissions.

2. The Carbon Offset Market’s Fast Growth – How It Benefits IMPT

Between 2022 and 2027, the market for voluntary carbon offsets is projected to rise at a compound annually  @12.71% to reach over $700 million. This is encouraging for the accompanying IMPT green energy project. And if the incredible presales indicate success, IMPT will take off!

3. Blockchain Technology Portrayed In A Positive Light  

Blockchain technology has lately come under scrutiny because of its energy-intensive nature and proof-of-work mechanism, which indirectly generates significant carbon emissions. However, IMPT proves it is sustainable by providing a blockchain option to people who care about the environment.

The fact that investors are waiting in line to purchase IMPT during the presale period is not surprising.

Exchange Listings For IMPT

IMPT exchange will go on sale on December 11 at the earliest. Customers who purchased IMPT during the presale can begin claiming their tokens on December 12. Users only need to link the wallet they used to purchase them to submit their claim.

Then the tokens will appear for them right away. Then, on December 14, IMPT is anticipated to list the DEXs of Uniswap, Changelly Pro, and LBank. All three of these esteemed exchanges have approved IMPT exchange for listing, proving the idea’s innovation. It considerably increases the credibility of the objectives IMPT has already stated and gives investors confidence that the project is on track.

No Time To Waste in the Conclusion

IMPT is doubtlessly one of the most significant recent new cryptocurrency ventures to reach the market. In addition to being a good investment for those who purchase the token, it will help the world by improving living conditions everywhere. These justifications make IMPT the #1 cryptocurrency on your shortlist of things to buy.

There will be a little longer for IMPT exchange to be available in presale if you need more motivation. It is ideal to benefit from the original cost because it will be published on Uniswap, Changelly Pro, and LBank on December 14. It is believed that IMPT’s value will soar once it is listed on such exchanges. Therefore, feel free to buy IMPT before the presale ends.

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